Forget fear... Stress is the real hurdle for retirement savings.
According to a new survey run by Schwab Retirement Plan Services, everyday financial stress keeps folks from contributing to retirement plans.
The biggest issue? Debt.
In fact, we're already at the point where we owe more than we did in December 2007, just as the recession started.
It's a common reason folks don't invest for retirement.
"I'll start saving after I pay off my credit card debt... after the kids are done with school... after I get that new job... after the next market correction..."
If any of these sound familiar, you're shooting yourself in the foot. As we've written before many times... the sooner you start saving for retirement, the better.
And you know what's even more worrisome? Those surveyed said they spend more time choosing which car to buy than they do planning their 401(k) investments.
We can't rely on pensions anymore. These days we have 401(k)s and IRAs. And the investment decisions are up to us. You need to grow the wealth on your own. Nothing is guaranteed, except the opportunity to defer some taxes.
So, you'd better know how to invest and manage your finances. And you'd better spend more than a second choosing your investments. That new car might last you a decade or two, but we're talking about setting yourself up for the rest of your life...
Think about it this way. Imagine you save $5,000 a year for 40 years and earn just 4% a year... you set aside $200,000 and it grows to $494,000. But if you boost your annual return to 8%, the same $200,000 grows to $1.3 million.
By the way, we didn't pick these numbers at random. A study by research firm DALBAR shows that while the stock market earned about 11.1% a year over the last 30 years, the typical investor only earned about 3.7%... thanks to bad investment decisions. We decided to use a more conservative market return of 8% a year.
And in the new era of 401(k)s and IRAs, the investment performance falls on you. Getting just 4% won't cut it. You owe it to yourself and your family to earn the best return possible.
We decided to outline four easy steps anyone can take to get a stronger financial position today. If you're in the group of Americans with little to no retirement savings yet, pay attention. If you already have several retirement accounts, use this as a refresher to take stock of how you're doing.
1) Make a budget.
List out all sources of income, all your fixed monthly bills (like your mortgage, utilities, and insurance), and all your variable bills (things like entertainment, dining out, vacations, etc.). Getting a full picture of what comes in and what goes out will help you make adjustments for step two.
2) Save, save, and save.
The more you can save sooner, the better off you'll be in the long term. We ran the numbers on the average American saving 5% of his income... With a modest investment return of 5%, it will take 65 years to accumulate enough wealth to replace his income without touching the principal.
Bumping up your savings to 10% would lower that to 50 years... And sacking away 30% only takes 30 years. When you add to this the power of compounding over time, the earlier you start and the more you can save, the better your future.
Remember too: Before investing, make sure you build your emergency fund. You can find a link to our essay on that in the What We're Reading links below.
3) Do your homework.
The multitude of offerings in a traditional 401(k) or IRA is enough to overwhelm anyone.
Typically, I like to start with a simple allocation: Decide between stocks and bonds. If you have a longer-term view and a higher tolerance for risk, you might make your allocation 80% stocks and 20% bonds. If you are closer to retirement and don't like volatile returns, you could do 70% bonds and 30% stocks.
But more than anything else, you'll need to fully understand all of the associated fees with each investment. Don't throw away money on management and other fees that you could avoid by choosing a different vehicle. One percent here, two percent there can all add up to a huge chunk of your money.
4) Make use of employer match and catch-up contributions.
One of the best boosts you can give yourself is with extra money. Employers may match contributions to your retirement accounts. Find out if they do and take full advantage of the matching program. Here at our company, we match up to the first 6%.
Catch-up contributions will help make up for lower contributions early in life. Once you hit 50, you can start increasing your contributions to IRAs, 401(k)s, and other accounts. Depending on the plan, you may be eligible at 50 or 55 to start adding another $1,000 a year. You can find out more in our links below.
What We're Reading...
- Our essay on the importance of an emergency fund.
- Something different: Social-media surgeons aren't what they seem.
Here's to our health, wealth, and a great retirement,
Dr. David Eifrig and the Retirement Millionaire Daily Research Team
September 7, 2017